ENERGY CONSERVATION TIPS
Follow a few tips and you would not only be reducing your fuel bills but also be contributing to the welfare of the society by helping reduce global warming, one of the foremost environmental concerns today.
FUEL EFFICIENT ENGINES
If you want to save money on fuel opt for fuel efficient engines. Make it a point to check the fuel economy details before buying.
Tests on a large number of cars prove that as much as 6% fuel can be saved by tuning the car regularly. If your engine emits black smoke, has poor pulling power or consumes large quantities of oil, get it should be checked immediately at a reliable service centre. A delay may prove more expensive in terms of petrol and oil as compared to the cost of an overhaul.
Every vehicle has an optimum fuel economy zone which generally is between 45 Kms/hour and 55 Kms/hour. Maintain the speed limit.
Use choke to start only if necessary. Put it off as soon as the engine starts.
Clean the air filter regularly. Air filter prevents dust from fouling the engine. Dust causes rapid wear of engine components and increases fuel consumption.
To get maximum power, start with the 1st gear.
Gradually change to
2nd Gear Approx speed 10 kms/hour
3rd Gear Approx speed 20-25 Kms/hour
4th Gear Approx Speed 30-32 Kms/hour.
Use over drive gear. When you use overdrive gearing, your car's engine speed goes down. This saves gas and reduces engine wear.
It is advisable to follow the manufacturer's recommendation regarding gear change.
Anticipate braking needs and apply brakes gradually. Break speed by changing to lower gear.
Unless the vehicle comes to a dead end, do not use 1st gear. Instead use the 2nd or 3rd gear depending on the speed.
Avoid frequent starts/stops. This will help in saving battery and starter overheating/failure
While pressing accelerator release clutch gradually. Never ride with the clutch pedal/lever pressed. This will not only give better mileage but will also save clutch wear.
Keep an eye on the tyre pressure. Under inflated tyres increase rolling resistance, which
leads to higher consumption of fuel. 25% decrease in tyre pressure leads to 5-10% more consumption of fuel and approx. 25% tyre life. Radial tyres can result in 3-7% fuel economy.
Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your car especially the heavy ones. Extra weight
can reduce the mileage of your vehicle. The reduction is based on the percentage of extra weight relative to the vehicle's weight. Smaller vehicles are more affected than larger ones.
Share cars with friends while going to office/travelling.
USE RECOMMENDED GRADE OF ENGINE OIL
Use only the recommended grade of engine oil. Right engine oil gives more power, more performance, longer oil life and keeps the engine healthy. Engine oil that is thicker
than recommended can cause 2% increase in fuel consumption. Change oil filter whenever you change the engine oil.